Geographically speaking, Finland is usually not considered a part of Scandinavia. 

Most sources would likely agree that the geographical definition of Scandinavia would include only Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.

However, at times, Finland is included in somewhat broader, often cultural, definitions of Scandinavia, which are closer to the definition of the Nordic countries. 

People usually include Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland when enumerating the Nordic countries, also called the Nordics. 

Finland 101

Finland is situated in Northern Europe. To the north, it is bordered by Norway, to the east, Russia, to the south, the Gulf of Finland, to the southwest, the Gulf of Bothnia, and, to the northwest, Sweden.

The country also has one autonomous territory – the Åland archipelago, which is located at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia.

When it comes to special features, Finland can proudly say that it has a host of forests, lakes, rivers, and islands (it contains around 56,000 lakes!). However, a third of its territory is north of the Arctic Circle.

The country’s coastline is around 4,600 kilometers long, and it is characterized by thousands of islands – especially in the southwest.

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